KSEEB Class 8 English Essay Writing

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Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 English Essay Writing

Environment Pollution:

Environment is what nature has gifted us with and pollution is what we have cursed nature with. Man’s selfishness and shortsightedness have resulted in the natural surroundings being polluted. Pollution can range from the concrete filth that we have strewn our surroundings with to the abstract sound of vehicles and loudspeakers. Again, agents of pollution can vary from uncaring individuals who indiscriminately use plastic to arrogant multinationals which are blind to the possibility of holes in the ozone layer and acid rain.

That is why solution to the problem of pollution also should work at two levels. On the one hand, if we, as individuals, are concerned about the environment, on the other, the governments of different nations should think of ways and means to save nature. At the individual level, just as we keep our homes clean and tidy, we must think of the surroundings too as our own. When it comes to the question of the role of governments, it is imperative that governments have a broader worldview and think of the welfare of the whole of mankind instead of focusing on short-term money-making ventures at the cost of the environment. All of us should remember that nature is what we inherited from our ancestors and. it is our duty to bequeath it unto the future generation.

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Population explosion
Effects of overpopulation
The need to control population

The word ‘explosion’ in the term ‘population explosion’ rightly points out the destructive edge of increased population. India has already crossed the one billion mark and the population is increasing unabated.

Although positive references have been made to population by optimists, all of us know that an overly populated nation is always on the brink of disaster. Where the population goes out of control, the government is unable to provide even basic necessities to its citizens. There is also the problem of unemployment. Family planning programs have not been highly successful because the uneducated lot is unaware of the benefits of family planning. Ironically, the poor and uneducated continueJeHiave many children whereas the middle-class and the upper-middle-class go in for family planning. This has tilted “the balance in such a way that soon the ratio between the haves and the have-nots will be a dangerous one. The poor people will outnumber the rich and such a development is not at all healthy.

That is why educating the masses is of paramount importance. Only through education and awareness programmes can we make the lower classes realize that there is no point in increasing the number of children. Thus children will get the chance to grow as healthy citizens and society too will progress without unrest and dissatisfaction among its people. India, which has made substantial programmes in almost every field, will have the satisfaction of being progressive in the area of population too. Having said this much, it is necessary to acknowledge with joy that in certain areas where intensive family planning work has been done, the birth rate has come down and this leaves us with a ray of hope.

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National Symbols:

National symbols are the pride of a nation. Along with the tri-coloured flag, India has taken peacock, tiger and lotus as the national bird, national animal and national flower respectively. Each of these can be interpreted in different ways depending upon the viewer’s power of imagination. The peacock which dances with its gloriously spread feathers is always a sign of exaltation. The tiger – a brute beauty – is the pride of India’s wildlife. The lotus, which grows in filth, blooms beautifully and is unaffected by its dirty surroundings.

The national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22nd July, 1947. It is not merely a rectangular piece of three colours; it is the very unifying spirit of India. People from the length and breadth of India salute the glorious tri-coloured flag, enthused with patriotism. The Kesar – the deep saffron at the top – symbolizes valour as well as sacrifice or renunciation. The dark green at the bottom signifies abundance and prosperity. It is the white in the middle that voices India’s clarion call for peace. The dark blue wheel with 24 spokes refers to the idea of progress with time.

The State Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka as preserved in the Sarnath Museum. The government adopted the emblem on 26th January, 1950, the day when India became a Republic. In the State Emblem only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in the centre of the abacus with a bull on the right and a horse on the left and the outlines of the other wheels on the extreme right and left. The words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ meaning ‘Truth alone triumphs’ are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script.

‘Jana Gana Mana’ is the national anthem of India. Written in Bengali, it was composed by the Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the national anthem oh January 24, 1950. The national anthem is a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of our people.

Every symbol infuses the feeling of patriotism into our hearts making us utter in unison, “Vande Mataram”.

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National festivals:

Festivals are the binding forces that bring people together. It is during the time of festivals that people forget their petty differences and extend hands of friendship. This is possible because people are in an exalted, celebratory mood and are more keen on coming together than on drifting apart. That is why, festivals are also known for the spirit of forgiveness.

Deepavali, Ugadj, Ganesha Chaturthi are celebrated by Hindus. Ramzan and Bakrid are celebrated by Muslims. Christians celebrate Christmas. All these are religious festivals and are not celebrated by all religions alike. But national festivals are celebrated by all the people in India irrespective of caste, creed, colour, religion or sex. Since independence India has been observing three days as national festivals. They are the Independence Day on 15th of August, Republic Day on 26th of January and Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd of October. On 15th August India obtained independence from British rule. India was declared a republic on 26th of January and the day is celebrated as Republic Day. The birthday of Mahatma Gandhi is celebrated on 2nd of October as Gandhi Jayanti in order to express our deep respect for the father of our nation.

These national festivals help in the formation of a strong and united India. They keep the spirit of freedom alive in the hearts of Indian for all times to come.

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Advantages and disadvantages of television.
Television – the most popular media.

Television is the most revolutionary outcome of space research. Through the satellites,’it has now become possible to telecast programs which reach out to people all over the world. Hence it is clear that television can go a long way in educating and entertaining the masses. When we say education, we mean primarily informing people of the various happenings in the world. News channels and other educative channels like “Discovery Channel” have been highly successful in reaching out to people. Along with education, entertainment too has had its say. It is true that more number of people use television for the entertaining purpose than the educating purpose. Instead of people going out of their homes in search of entertainment, entertainment is easily accessible at home itself. The impact of television is such that we can hardly visualize life without television.

But, let us not forget that television often gets referred to as ‘idiot box’. It is owing to the low standard of entertainment that television offers us. Also, people get addicted to TV so much that they become couched potatoes. This is especially true in the case of children. This passive form of entertainment has led to both physical and psychological problems. Physically, if inaction has led to obesity and continuous watching has resulted in eye-problems, emotionally such viewing has turned children into aggressive beings. Juvenile delinquency is often the result of violence projected on T.V. That is why parents should take care to regulate and monitor the television viewing of their children.

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Importance of newspapers:

The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century led to a revolution in the print media which in turn gave birth to the concept of the newspaper. The word NEWS has references to the four directions North, East, West and South and rightly points out that news from all places amalgamate in the newspaper.

The popularity of newspaper can be understood by the truth that even the advent of television has not decreased the newspaper’s circulation. Perhaps, the popularity of newspapers can be realized if we look at reading as a very private exercise. No other mass medium offers to its user the joy of privacy as a newspaper does. That is why very few would like to begin their day without a newspaper.

Like every other mass medium, a newspaper also informs, educates, entertains and advertises. Since its influence is widespread, a newspaper should have a profound sense of social responsibility. It should purge itself from the impurity of yellow journalism. Yellow journalism which publishes scandalous and slanderous news for cheap publicity should not be encouraged by journalists who have a keen sense of social responsibility Journalism, instead, should have the clean goal of investigative journalism which would unearth corrupt practices of people in power. Mature, responsible journalism always hopes for the betterment of society.

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Air Pollution:

Air pollution is one of the many environmental pollutions man has subjected nature to. Air pollution is mainly owing to economic growth and development. Large factories which let smoke into the atmosphere are the most dangerous sources of pollution. The rapid increase in the number of vehicles used is also equally destructive. Deforestation is also a major cause. One of the less discussed but more disturbing causes of air pollution is the making of bombs. Many things are attempted in the name of development. But not enough care is taken when it comes to the question of disposal of waste or recycling of water, chemicals, etc.

Air pollution is the deadliest form of pollution as it can lead to holes in the ozone layer, greenhouse effect and acid rain. We have already seen its effects in the rapid changes in seasonal cycles, rains, etc.

It is necessary that all the governments of different nations wake up to the danger posed by air pollution. The effects of what happens in one part of the world are experienced by all in different parts of the world. Tsunami is only one of the many examples that can be thought of. Hence both the developed and developing countries should not take up any project which would have everlasting, negative impact on the whole of mankind. We, on our part, can arrange or attend awareness programs to save our environment. Even. small measures like car-pooling, instead of each of us taking a vehicle and adding to the pollution, can go a long way in controlling the air pollution.

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Water Pollution:

The filthy water of Ganges – a river considered sacred by all Indians, is a mute witness to the water pollution that India reels under. Quite surprisingly two opposing factors – poverty and development – are the causes of water pollution in India.

Using the river water for bathing and for washing clothes, cattle and vehicles has in its own way added to the pollution of water. Immersion of huge idols after festivals and using rivers and oceans as dumping yards have negatively contributed towards the defiling of water. But much more dangerous than these, have been the practices of factories and governments which use rivers and oceans to bury effluents and nuclear waste.

Water pollution has led to many problems. In the first instance, it has resulted in the scarcity of drinking water. But more disturbingly, it has led to many diseases. There have been reports of people who reside close to factories which use rivers to dump waste, suffering from skin diseases, cancer, etc. It has also destroyed marine life to a large extent.

Water is one of the basic needs. None of us can envisage life without water. That is why it becomes the sacred duty of all of us to protect and preserve water. While keeping natural sources of water clean in our own way, we must also fight against the powerful, corrupt forces in society which contaminate water for their selfish needs. Water is definitely the elixir of life.

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Importance of forests:

Industrialisation and globalization have led to large-scale destruction of forests. Man in his thoughtlessness has consumed more and more space of the earth leading to deforestation. The situation has many negative implications.

First of all, such an indiscriminate felling of trees has gone against the ecological balance. The greenery that is lost has left the animals with no natural habitat. Since both fauna and flora have been destroyed, biodiversity is also at stake. Weather conditions have also changed as forests are very important for rains. Deforestation has other indirect effects too. The absence of trees has indirectly been responsible for land erosions too.

Gandhiji very rightly said that nature has enough for our need, but not for our greed. There is no end to our greed and we wrongly assume that nature is at our disposal. It is high time we came out of this misconception. Every man is bound by the duty of planting a tree for every tree uprooted. Only when we act with this sense of responsibility will we be able to preserve our earth. Otherwise sooner or later, mankind will take itself to the brink of self-destruction.

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Your Favourite Game:

It is but natural that each one of us has a game which he likes the best. However good and interesting other games are, one will never accept that the other games are better than the – one he likes. The game I like the most is football.

Some may wonder why I am fond of football at all. To some others it may even look funny to see all the players running after a ball trying to kick it whenever they get an opportunity. No doubt some consider this game to be violent in which some players try to hurt the opponents intentionally.

Well, I like playing football because it is the only game, in my opinion, which calls for superior skills and techniques from every player involved in it. It also calls for good physical strength and ability to think and act quickly. It calls for perfect coordination and understanding among the players.

This game gives good exercise to all parts of the body. A football player is usually well built, strong and a good athlete too. Every player is kept busy from the moment the game begins, till the final whistle. A player cannot rest nor can he withdraw his mind from the game while the game is in progress. Thus, it develops good physical strength and ability to concentrate on a thing. Football is a game in which a player cannot be selfish, for selfishness is bound to spoil the game. While it develops team spirit, it also brings players closer together. The players learn to be disciplined for they must obey the referee without questioning him. Thus, they develop qualities of sportsmanship.

Thus, in my opinion, football is a good game. It enables the players to develop not only good physique but also qualities of head and heart.

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Value of time:

Time is an impartial gift of God to man. The important question is if we are able to do justice to the generosity showered on us. We can consider ourselves accountable only if we can do justice and let us remember that behind every successful man there is time-consciousness.

Time is very precious. Time once lost is lost forever. We must practice the art of doing things on time. Timely action on our part can save us from a lot of worries. Whatever we do, we must make it a point to do it on time. A stitch in time save nine.

Procrastination is the biggest thief of time. That’s why we should never put off until tomorrow what can be done today. Many stories of failure could have been turned into tales of success if time had not been dishonored. If procrastination is the enemy of time, punctuality and promptness are the greatest friends of time. Let us befriend them and not waste away God’s precious gift.

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