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Karnataka 2nd PUC English Springs Textbook Answers Chapter 11 Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Comprehension I.
‘Exquisitely well–mannered people’ refers to
(b) Japanese people.
What behaviour substitutes privacy in Japan?
Courtesy substitutes privacy in Japan.
The reference to public telephone suggests :
(a) How overcrowded Japan is
(b) How the Japanese respect privacy
(c) How busy Japanese are
(a) How overcrowded Japan is
Why is bowing called ‘quaint’?
Bowing is called ‘quaint’ because it is old fashioned.
Hierarchy in bowing demands?
(a) Youngsters bow to their elders.
(b) wife bows to her husband.
(c) sisters bow to their brothers.
All are correct.
What is the sign of appreciation in eating soup?
While sipping the ‘soup’, a loud slurping noise should be made to show appreciation to the hostess, otherwise they would consider the guests as ill-mannered.
How are the pavements in Brazil decorated? What does it tell us about the people there?
The writer thinks that Brazilians are easy-going people. They decorate their pavements with beautiful black mosaics like our Rangolis and only people who have plenty of time and not in a hurry could indulge in these.
What happens when leisurely people in Brazil get a steering wheel in their hands?
When the leisurely Brazilians get the steering wheel in their hands, they turn into devils and drive recklessly without caring for the pedestrians.
Who do the drivers look out for when they are driving on the Brazilian roads? Why?
The drivers usually lookout for pedestrians who step off the pavement. They regard such pedestrians as a fair game. They take aim and accelerate their vehicle. The pedestrian has to jump, leap, and run for his dear life.
What distinguishes war between drivers?
Though they dangerously drive and overtake on either side, they smile at each other for their skills in driving, if they luckily escape from the dangers.
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Comprehension II.
Why is bowing in Japan a complicated process?
‘Bowing’ in Japan is a complicated process as one should not bow too high or too low. While bowing if one does not clasp the hands it shows disrespect, and at times clasping may be wrong. The Japanese have some conditions regarding bowing as to who to bow, whom to bow, how long one has to bow etc. Timing also has to be precise. Inside the house, the wife must bow to her husband, children to their father, younger ones to elders, and sisters to all the brothers irrespective of age.
Why does bowing, a natural practice in Japanese culture, look so ‘quaint’ and puzzling to the author?
The skill of ‘bowing’ for Japanese is an art and the author thinks that it is in their genes. ‘Bowing’ compared to western handshaking is a ‘quaint’ practice that is old fashioned but the author feels puzzled because of the complicities involved and consoled himself that bowing in a disciplined manner is an art for the Japanese and it was in their genes.
Do you think the author is finding fault with or making fun of the culture of bowing in Japanese and speeding cars in Brazil?
No, the author is not finding fault with these, but he is only narrating events in a humorous vein.
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Comprehension III.
‘Bowing in Japan is quainter; more formal, more oriental.’ Do you agree?
Yes, I agree that Bowing and its rules as per Japanese tradition is a very difficult skill to learn.
Describe how traffic in Brazil leads to humorous observations.
The understanding between a driver and a pedestrian is very humorous as when the driver went straight at a pedestrian, he jumped to a side and smiled at the driver and the driver also laughed at him. It was a strange understanding between each other. And the drivers had the habit of overtaking on either side and smile at each other. They don’t get angry but smile. The traffic in Brazilian roads is uninterrupted and so it is very difficult to cross the roads in Brazil.
What aspects of our social life, do you think, would appear quaint and odd to a foreign tourist?
In every country, people prefer only their way of greeting and that of others as odd. Our country’s practice of saying names by folding hands may appear as odd to a foreign tourist.
And also, our typical feature of bowing and touching the feet of our elders and eminent persons like priests, saints would appear odd and strange to foreigners.
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Vocabulary:
Synonyms are words with the same or similar meanings.
Provide Synonyms for the following words. You may consult a dictionary :
Note the Noun/Verb/Adjective form of the following words:
- Solemn – solemnity
- Infection – infectious
- Ceremoniously – ceremony
- Appreciation – appreciate
- Amicable – amicably
- Hostile – hostility
- Accelerate – acceleration
- Ambulatory – ambulate
- Naive – naivete
- Fascinate – fascination
- Adhere – adherence
- Dynamic – dynamism
- Deprive – deprivation
- Eminent – eminence
- Generous – generosity
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Additional Questions and Answers
How do Japanese mothers Carry their babies?
On special seats or saddles attached to their backs.
What is the reason for the high population rate in Japan?
Japan is a country with small islands and its land area is very small compared to other countries. After the world wars, its population has significantly increased and hence the high population rate.
Japanese in their stores employ to greet the people.
(c) Bowing girls
(c) Bowing girls.
Where were grey pavements decorated?
In the streets of Copacabana in Brazil.
What are expensive in Brazil?
Motor cars are expensive in Brazil.
When did the pedestrian’s life become more hazardous?
When the drivers get behind the wheels of vehicles Ieisurly, the life of pedestrians becomes hazardous.
What is “Avcnida Presidentc Vargas”?
It is a place in Brazil.
Which is the worst place in Brazil?
Avenida Presidente Vargas is the worst place in Brazil.
What is a Travelogue?
It is Travel writing about one’s experiences while travelling and visiting different places.
‘A quarter of an hour’ is
(a) Forty minutes
(b) Twenty-five minutes
(c) Fifteen minutes
(c) Fifteen minutes
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Summary in English
– George Mikes
The present extract ‘Japan And Brazil Through A Traveller’s Eye’, is taken from George Mikes’ travelogue “The Rising of The Yen and How to Tango’. The travelogue describes the culture and mannerisms of Japanese and Brazilians in a funny way. The author has high regard towards Japanese, as they are very refined in their manners. Though Japan is a thickly populated country, every person respects each other’s privacy. The Japanese never interfere in other’s affairs. If a person speaks loudly on the telephone, they will never listen as it is his private matter. Even when they quarrel, nobody will interfere.
The author informs us that the bowing salute of the Japanese is a very respectful act. He says that everybody bows there and one has to bow to everybody to show their respect and also to acknowledge their bowing. Visitors to Japan also get influenced by this endless bowing, and within’ a short period learn to bow. Bowing has become a mania to the Japanese. He narrates how a train conductor walks into the middle of the coach, bows ceremoniously in both directions before proceeding to check the tickets.
He came across even a deer, which bowed to him to get the food he was carrying for it. At the bus stops, people bow to each other while waiting for the bus, but once the bus turns up, these bowing gentlemen turn into savages, pushing their way in. If a person is invited for dinner, they are expected to show their appreciation for the soup by making a fearful noise while sipping it, or else considered as louts. On the other hand, the hostess may think of them as ill-mannered Europeans if they make too much of a noise.
The author also comments about the chaotic traffic in Brazil. Even though there is less number of cars there, they drive recklessly and Overspeed and sometimes accelerate to make the pedestrians run to a side. A pedestrian’s life is really hard in Brazil. Actually, the drivers do not care for people who walk. They overtake from all directions and blow their horns madly. The traffic is dense and one cannot cross the roads easily. If you see an acquaintance on the other side of the road and wonder how he had managed to go across, the probabilities are that he was born there only. One gets to cross the road only after waiting for a very long time.
Japan and Brazil through a Traveller’s Eye Summary in Kannada