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Karnataka 2nd PUC English Streams Workbook Answers Idioms and Phrases
An idiom may be defined as an expression peculiar to a language. It is a special phrase whose total meaning is different from individual words in the phrase.
Idiomatic language is expressive apt language. It is both attractive and useful. It not only emphasizes what we want to say but also impresses the listener and the reader.
1. She felt like a fish out of water in a sophisticated company.
She felt uncomfortable in a sophisticated company.
2. Abhi passed the exam with flying colors.
Abhi passed the exam with very high grades.
3. Pooja was on cloud nine when she was promoted.
Pooja was very happy when she was promoted.
The idiom in the first sentence is apt and self-explanatory. It makes a deeper impression than the explanation in the second one.
Read the examples of idioms given below:
|To keep one’s shirt on||To control one’s temper|
|To be under one’s thumb||To be under someone’s complete control|
|To have a swollen head||To admire oneself greatly|
|To blow one’s own trumpet||To praise oneself|
|To be hand in glove with||To engage in wrongdoing|
|To be in a soup||To be in trouble|
|To know A-Z of||To know everything about a subject|
|To go on a wild goose chase||To be a part of a vague activity|
|To leave no stone unturned||To explore every alternative|
A. Use the correct form of suitable idioms from those given above, to complete the following sentences.
It is difficult to when Ravi keeps arguing.
keep one’s shirt on
All this praise about her intelligence has given Usha such a that she cannot talk to anyone without showing off.
You must take Abel’s advice. He knows of the share market.
Don’t believe this man. He is with the thief.
hand in glove
I had warned them that there was going to be no good end to the project. It was a
wild goose chase
The parents to get their disabled child to get a good education.
left no stone unturned
ItisdifficuIttolistentoDonGonzalo as soon as he opens his mouth. How long can I listen to his self-praise?
blow his own trumpet.
If you break the school rules, you’ll land yourself
in a soup
B. Match the idioms in section A with the meanings in section B.
|1. to look something up||a. to admire|
|2. to look up to||b. to look, at with scorn|
|3. to look down at||c. to search for information|
|4. to let off||d. to stop others from going ahead|
|5. to hold up||e. to break up|
|6. to knock down||f. to await eagerly|
|7. to look forward to||g. to be allowed to go free|
|8. to put off someone||h. to obstruct others from work|
|9. to put up with||i. to be going on|
|10. to see red||j. to affect|
|11. to be in full swing||k. to tolerate|
|12. to get in one’s way||l. to irritate|
|13. to tell upon||m. to be very angry|