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Karnataka State Syllabus Class 6 English Supplementary Chapter 1 Ways of Learning
Ways of Learning Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes
C1. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each:
Where did the disciples of Dronacharya assemble for the test?
The disciples of Guru Dronacharya assembled in the large open ground in front of the Hastinapura palace.
What was the target set up by the Guru?
The Guru had set up an artificial bird made of wood and grass on top of a branch of a tree.
What was Yudhishlira’s reply when Drona asked him what he saw on the tree?
When the Guru Dronacharya asked Yudhistira what he saw on the tree, Yudhistira replied that he could see the tree, the bird, his brothers, other friends and everything.
Was Drona happy with the answers given by many of the princes? Why/why not?
No, Drona was not happy with the answers given by many of the princes. Because the Guru expected them to see only the bird and nothing else. He wanted them to learn the quality of concentration and focus, which are the keys to success.
Who passed this test?
Only Arjuna passed the test.
Why did Drona ask Arjuna to shoot the bird?
Guru Drona was pleased when Arjuna said that he could see only the bird. It was clear that Arjuna had mastered the art of concentration and focus, which are the ideas to success. Hence he asked Arjuna to shoot the bird.
Who didn’t congratulate Arjuna on his achievement? Why?
Only Duryodhana didn’t congratulate Arjuna on his achievement. Duryodhana was jealous of Arjuna’s achievement.
What happened when Drona was washing his feet one day?
One day, while Guru Dronacharya was washing his feet on the banks of a stream a crocodile grabbed his foot.
Who drove the crocodile away? How?
The brave and ever – ready Arjuna responded quickly. He set an arrow to his bow, shot it into the stream aiming at the right point. It infused the crocodile and drove it away but it did not hit the Guru’s foot.
Who do you think was the most favorite disciple of Drona? Why?
I think that Arjuna was the most favorite disciple of Drona. Arjuna proved that he was a skillful archer. He had the dexterity, promptness and took proper action. He had all the qualities to achieve the goal and success.
What is important to succeed in life?
Concentration and focus are the key to success.
C2. Discuss in small groups and answer the following:
How did Drona test the princes’ skill and ability in archery? Narrate any one incident.
One day, Guru Dronacharya wanted to test his disciples, the Pandavas, and Kauravas. He asked them to assemble in the large open ground in front of Hastinapura palace. He asked them to get their bows and arrows and be ready to show of their skills when he called each of them. They all agreed enthusiastically.
The guru had set up an artificial bird made of wood and grass on the top of a branch of a tree. The boys were to shoot the bird on the tree.
Guru Drona asked the boys to observe the tree. He then asked on of the boys to tell him what he saw the boy told him that he saw the tree, its trunk, branches, the sky over it and the ground below it. He was sent back.
Then he called Yudhistira, the eldest of the Pandavas and asked him the same question. Yudhistira replied that he could see the tree, the bird, his brothers, friends, and everything. Guru Drona told him that he could not shoot the target and sent him back. Again he called the other boys in turns and asked them the same question. He was not satisfied with their answers.
Later he called Aijuna and asked him if he could see the bird on the top of the tree. Aijuna replied that he could only see the neck and head of the bird. The Guru was pleased, and he asked Arjuna to shoot an arrow at the bird. Aijuna aimed and hit the artificial bird’s neck and if felt to the ground.
Guru Dronacharya blessed, Arjuna and advised the other boys to concentrate and focus like Arjuna and that those qualities are the key
How did Aijuna prove his skill in archery?
Once, while Guru Dronaeharya was washing his feet in a stream, a crocodile grabbed his foot. He pretended to panic and shouted for the boys to save him. All the other boys who were standing and the bank were awestruck and confused. But Aijuna bravely responded quickly. He shot an arrow at the crocodile’s mouth, skillfully avoiding his Guru’s leg and drove the crocodile away. Thus Arjuna proved his kill at archery.
C3. Say whether the following statements are True or False:
- The princes had to shoot a real bird sitting on the branch of a tree.
- Arjuna said he could see only the bird’s eye.
- Bhima succeeded in shooting the bird.
- Arjuna drove the crocodile away.
Ways of learning Summary in English
This is a small story based on an event from the Mahabharatha, the epic by sage Vedavyasa. Guru Dronacharya was the preceptor for the Kuru Princes. He educated both the Pandavas and Kourava’s in the field of archery. It was a part of military service that the princes of those days had to learn.
Dronacharya told his disciples to assemble infront of Hastinapur palace and he wanted to test their knowledge about archery taught by him. He had set up an artificial bird on the top of a branch of the tree. He told his disciples to shoot the bird. He called them one by one.
Drona asked his disciple if he could see the tree and to tell him what he could see there. The disciple replied that he could see the tree, its trunk, branches and sky over it. The guru sent him back.
Drona called Yudhisthira and asked him if he could see the tree and the bird on the top and other things around. Yudhisthira replied that he could see the tree, the bird and his brothers and other friends. Dronacharya was not happy. He asked the other princes, the same question and they replied in the same way as other disciples replied.
Then Dronacharya called Arjuna and asked whether he could see the tree, the bird on its and other things around Arjuna replied that he could see only the bird and nothing else. Then the Guru asked him if he could see the bird, Arjuna told him that he could only see the neck and the head of the bird. The Guru ordered Arjuna to shoot his arrow. When Arjuna shot at it, his arrow hit the bird’s neck and it fell down on the ground. All clapped and congratulated Arjuna except Duiyodhana. Dronacharya was happy. So he embraced Arjuna and told other disciples that concentration and focus are the keys to success and to be focussed always.
The Guru wanted to test his disciples again. Once when he was washing his feet, a crocodile caught his foot. The Guru had the strength to prevent crocodile from catching his feet, but he wanted to test his disciples. So he shouted to help him as the crocodile had caught hold of his foot.
The disciples saw that but they were confused, except Arjuna who responded positively. He shot an arrow which infused the crocodile and drove it away. The arrow shot by Arjuna didn’t injure the Guru’s foot. Dronacharya praised the great courage, skill and strength of Arjuna. These traits of Aijuna are necessary to achieve goal and success. Reacting quickly and in a positive way it always expected of from the disciples.
Ways of learning Summary in Kannada